Author Topic: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1  (Read 4260 times)

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Offline Dan Ben Noah

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JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« on: March 21, 2009, 10:35:57 PM »
In the first lesson, we will take just a few letters of the alphabet, put them together with some vowels, and learn a few simple words from these letters.

The first letters we will be learning are:

א     ALEF     (no sound)

ה     HE     "h"

נ     NUN     "n"

י     YOD     "y" or "i"

מ     MEM     "m"

ת     TAV     "t"

Let's put these letters together with a vowel.  Vowels are indicated by dots and lines placed under the letters, and knowing the vowels will help you understand how to pronounce a word when you look it up in the dictionary.  However, a native Hebrew speaker does not need to look at vowels to read a word.

The first vowel we will learn will be the "a" sound, always pronounced like the "a" in the word "father".  You will pronounce the "a" sound when you see one of the following 3 symbols underneath a letter:    ָ    ַ     ֲ

Practice pronouncing these with the six Hebrew letters:

אָ   "ah"   הָ   "ha"   נָ   "na"         יַ   "ya"   מַ   "ma"  תַ   "ta"

You can now read the following words (remember to read right to left):
מַתָנָה     "matana"     (gift/present)
אַתָה     "ata"     (you [male])
?מָה     "ma"     (what?)

Note: The ה at the end of a word is silent, and just takes the sound of the vowel before it.

The second vowel we will learn does not really make a sound.  It is the shwa sound, which you don't pronounce.  It's kind of like the "e" in the word "silent".  You don't really hear it.  It will become more important as you learn grammar.  This is what it looks like:     ְ

You can now read the following word:
אַתְ     "at"    (you [female])

Now we will learn a few Hebrew names.  This is so you can get practice reading and also start to form small sentences.

Female Names:
מַיָה     "maya"
אָנָה     "ana"
אַיָה     "aya"
אַנְיָה     "anya"

Male Names:
יַנַאי     "yanai"
מַתְיָא     "matya"
מַתַנְיָה     "matanya"

Now you can put these names together with the male and female version of the word "you" to make short sentences (practice without the vowels):
.את מיה      "at maya"     (You are Maya.)
.אתה מתניה     "ata matanya"     (You are Matanya.)
You can practice this with all of the names.
Note:  You don't conjugate the verb "to be" in the present tense.  That means there are no Hebrew words for "am", "are", or "is".  You just say the subject of the sentence and then say what it is.

The third and final vowel we will learn for this lesson is the "i" sound, always pronounced like the "i" in the word "machine".  You will pronounce the "i" sound when you see the following symbol below a letter:     ִ
Note:  When you see the י after the ִ symbol, it is also pronounced as "i".

Now try pronouncing this vowel with the letters:
אִ   "i"   הִ   "hi"  נִ   "ni"         יִי   "yi"   מִי   "mi"   תִי   "ti"

You can now read the following words:
אֲני     "ani"     (I)
אִימָא     "ima"     (mother)
הִיא     "hi"     (she)
?מִי     "mi"     (who?)

You now know enough to read this simple dialogue:
           ?איה:  מי את     "aya:  mi at?"     (Aya:  Who are you?)
          .תמי:  אני תמי     "tami:  ani tami."     (Tami:  I am Tami.)
         ?איה:  מי אתה     "aya:  mi ata?"     (Aya:  Who are you?)
?מתי:  אני מתי.  מי את     "mati:  ani mati.  mi at?"     (Mati:  I am Mati.  Who are you?)
          ?איה:  מי, אני     "aya:  mi, ani?"     (Aya:  Who, me?)

Before we finish this lesson, you should know that the letters מ (MEM) and נ (NUN) have a different form when they come at the end of a word, which you will need to recognize.  They are called the MEM SOFIT (final MEM) and NUN SOFIT (final NUN).  They are still pronounced the same though:
ם = מ     "m"   
ן = נ     "n"

You can now read the following words:
יָם     "yam"     (sea)
יַיִן     "yayin"     (wine)
מַיִם     "mayim"     (water)

That is the end of this lesson.  I recommend making a list of the vocabulary words and studying them.  If you have questions, please post them in the thread and they will be answered by either myself or a native speaker.
Jeremiah 16:19 O LORD, my strength and my fortress, my refuge in time of distress, to you the nations will come from the ends of the earth and say, "Our fathers possessed nothing but false gods, worthless idols that did them no good."

Zechariah 8:23 This is what the LORD Almighty says: “In those days ten people from all languages and nations will take firm hold of one Jew by the hem of his robe and say, ‘Let us go with you, because we have heard that God is with you.’”

Offline Ulli

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #1 on: March 22, 2009, 02:31:07 AM »
Dan, I really appreciate.  :)

Offline ProudAndZionist

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #2 on: March 23, 2009, 01:58:25 PM »
Let's learn!

Very very good thread, thank you very much! If I move to Israel, I have to speak Hebrew.  8)
We are giants, giants in love...and if you ask that who are we, then you must be a dwarf.

Offline Xoce

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #3 on: March 27, 2009, 07:51:30 AM »
 ^-^
aka Someone Else

Offline Zionist92

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #4 on: April 02, 2009, 04:02:47 PM »
Todah raba!!!!!!!!!!  :)

Offline freedomannie

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #5 on: April 30, 2009, 10:57:19 AM »
Wow this is great...i love this , thanks so much! 8)
I am in love with Light as it has brought the curtains back from the darkness...i will always be free with the truth i now know and my heart is forever changed...I thank G-d for the light! <3 Always

Offline momofsixbabes

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #6 on: April 30, 2009, 12:39:09 PM »
Fabulous! Love it. Thanks for taking the time to post this. 8)

Offline KM1389

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #7 on: May 22, 2009, 04:27:08 PM »
Pretty nice and easy to understand. Thanks for posting  :dance:
Whats the similarity between Israel and Serbia? Ephraim Kishon said it right:

My country is an Island. Its not surrounded by water, its surrounded by hate.

Offline Edward

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #8 on: January 20, 2010, 06:48:48 PM »
Hey, this is fairly helpful..
 Thanks!

Offline Kahane-Was-Right BT

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #9 on: June 24, 2010, 10:28:05 AM »
Wow, great thread.  Never bothered to look at this part of the forum, but this is good stuff.

Offline JONAH

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #10 on: July 23, 2010, 06:21:26 AM »
such a great language

Offline Stubborn Hebrew

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #11 on: August 17, 2010, 11:06:28 AM »
Hebrew Please!  ;D  עברית בבקשה!  correct my spelling, I won't K'vetch ;-)

Let's get Jewish and sing the 121 Psalm!

 שִׁ֗יר לַֽמַּ֫עֲלֹ֥ות אֶשָּׂ֣א עֵ֭ינַי אֶל־הֶהָרִ֑ים מֵ֝אַ֗יִן יָבֹ֥א עֶזְרִֽי

עֶ֭זְרִי מֵעִ֣ם יְהוָ֑ה עֹ֝שֵׂ֗ה שָׁמַ֥יִם וָאָֽרֶץ

ל־יִתֵּ֣ן לַמֹּ֣וט רַגְלֶ֑ךָ אַל־יָ֝נ֗וּם שֹֽׁמְרֶֽךָ

 הִנֵּ֣ה לֹֽא־יָ֭נוּם וְלֹ֣א יִישָׁ֑ן ומֵ֗ר יִשְׂרָאֵֽל

 יְהוָ֥ה שֹׁמְרֶ֑ךָ יְהוָ֥ה צִ֝לְּךָ֗ עַל־יַ֥ד יְמִינֶֽךָ

 יֹומָ֗ם הַשֶּׁ֥מֶשׁ לֹֽא־יַכֶּ֗כָּה וְיָרֵ֥חַ בַּלָּֽיְלָה

 יְֽהוָ֗ה יִשְׁמָרְךָ֥ מִכָּל־רָ֑ע יִ֝שְׁמֹ֗ר אֶת־נַפְשֶֽׁךָ

יְֽהוָ֗ה יִשְׁמָר־צֵאתְךָ֥ וּבֹואֶ֑ךָ מֵֽ֝עַתָּ֗ה וְעַד־עֹולָֽם

Shir lama `alot. Esa- einai l'  el h'ariem:
me'ahyin-yavo etz-rey

Etzrey meim  H'Shem, osay shamayim v'aretz.

Al-yiten lammot rahg'lecha
al yanum shom'recha.

Ch'ineh'lo yanum   velo yiyshan shomair yisrael.

H'Shem shom'recha
H'Shem tzil'cha, al-yad yemi necha.

yomam ha'shemesh lo ya'kekav- v'reach b'l'ailah.

H'Shem yish morcha mi kol rah
yishmor et nef'shecha.
H'Shem yishmor tzetcha ub'uecha

me'ata ve'ad olam,me'ata ve'ad olam!
me'ata ve'ad olam,me'ata ve'ad olam!


I will lift up mine eyes unto the mountains:
from whence shall my help come?

My help cometh from the Lord,
who made heaven and earth.

He will not suffer thy foot to be moved;
He that keepeth thee will not slumber.

Behold,
He that keepeth Israel doth neither slumber nor sleep.

the Lord is thy keeper;
the Lord is thy shade upon thy right hand.

 
The sun shall not smite thee by day,
nor the moon by night.

the Lord shall keep thee from all evil;
He shall keep thy soul.

the Lord shall guard thy going out and thy coming in,
from this time forth and for ever.


Offline Stubborn Hebrew

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #12 on: August 17, 2010, 11:13:37 AM »
Hatikvah

 התקווה



כָּל עוֹד בַּלֵּבָב פְּנִימָה
נֶפֶשׁ יְהוּדִי הוֹמִיָּה
וּלְפַאֲתֵי מִזְרָח, קָדִימָה
עַיִן לְצִיּוֹן צוֹפִיָּה -

עוֹד לֹא אָבְדָה תִּקְוָתֵנוּ
הַתִּקְוָה בַּת שְׁנוֹת אַלְפַּיִם
לִהְיוֹת עַם חָפְשִׁי בְּאַרְצֵנוּ
אֶרֶץ צִיּוֹן וִירוּשָׁלַיִם




As long as the Jewish spirit is yearning deep in the heart,

With eyes turned toward the East, looking toward Zion,

Then our hope - the two-thousand-year-old hope - will not be lost:

To be a free people in our land,

The land of Zion and Jerusalem.
        

Kol ode balevav
Pei'neimah -

Nefesh Yehudi homiyah

Ul'fa'atey mizrach, kadimah
Ayin l'tzion tzofiyah.

Ode lo avdah tikvateinu
Hatikvah bat shnot alpah'yim:

L'hiyot am chofshi b'eret'zeinu -
Eretz Tzion Yerushalayim.
   

 

Offline Yehudayaakov

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Re: JTF Hebrew: Lesson 1
« Reply #13 on: September 22, 2013, 07:15:51 AM »
Where is lesson 2 ?  8)