Author Topic: The Divine Code Daily Dose  (Read 12352 times)

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Online Hrvatski Noahid

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #375 on: July 31, 2019, 04:46:08 AM »
According to Rambam's Laws of the Worship of Stars (and Idols) 10:6, during the diaspora of the Jews, no Gentile can be accepted into a legal status of a "Resident" (Ger Toshav in Hebrew), even if he makes a declaration before three Torah-observant adult Jewish males that he accepts and abides by the Noahide Code. Nevertheless, for any Gentiles who do not accept and observe the Noahide Code, the Jews are commanded to expel them from the Land of Israel, and they are forbidden by Torah Law to dwell there (whether they are expelled or not). From Lev. 18:25-28, it is clear that the spiritual standard of any inhabitants there must be on a comparatively higher level (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 45).

Online Hrvatski Noahid

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #376 on: August 02, 2019, 07:36:24 AM »
Deniers and Deviators from the Foundations of Faith

One who believes there is another god denies the basic foundation of faith, for knowledge of the existence, truth and oneness of the Master of the universe is the foundation upon which all else depends. Such a person is both a "deviant believer" (a Min in Hebrew) and in the category of those who believe in idols.17

17 Kesef Mishneh on Rambam's Laws of Repentance 3:7 (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 46).

Online Hrvatski Noahid

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #377 on: August 04, 2019, 08:13:54 AM »
Rambam, in Laws of Foundations of the Torah 1:6, clearly gives his opinion that one is a deviant believer and an idol worshiper if he believes there is an independent power that is secondary to G-d. Other major Torah authorities held that this incorrect belief in an intermediary power is not forbidden to Gentiles. Yet one who believes this is not one of the "pious of the nations of the world," and he should be informed of his error if there is a possibility that he will correct his belief and keep the prohibition against idolatry to its fullest (in thought as well as in action) (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 46).

Online Hrvatski Noahid

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #378 on: August 05, 2019, 03:07:06 PM »
There are five categories of deviant believers (who deny a fundamental principle of faith in G-d):18

(a) one who says there is no deity (atheism), and the universe is not overseen;

(b) one who says there are two or more gods;

(c) one who says there is only one god, but having a body or a form;

(d) one who says that G-d was not the only First Existence and the Creator of everything, but rather there was a continuously existing primordial matter from which G-d formed the world;19

(e) one who serves an idol (or a star or constellation), that it should be an intermediary between him and G-d.

18 Rambam, Laws of Repentance 3:7.

19 Ra'avad, on Rambam's Laws of Repentance 3:7 (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 46).

Online Hrvatski Noahid

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #379 on: August 06, 2019, 06:22:04 PM »
Only the deviant believer of category (e) is liable for a capital sin in violation of a Noahide Commandment, since he combines his deviant belief with actually worshiping his intermediary, which he has made into an idol. Note, as explained later in this book in Part II, ch. 1, that the difference of Rabbinical opinion regarding an intermediary for Gentiles is only in regard to whether such a belief is forbidden.

But one who serves an intermediary is liable, according all opinions. Hence, the cited wording of Rambam, "one who serves an idol (or a star or constellation), that it should be an intermediary," is accepted by all Rabbinical authorities (and worshiping is a type of serving) (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 46).

Online Hrvatski Noahid

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #380 on: August 07, 2019, 01:06:39 PM »
There are three categories of "scorners:"

(a) one who says there is no prophecy at all and no communication of knowledge from G-d to the hearts of individuals;

(b) one who denies the prophecy of Moses our teacher;

(c) one who says that G-d does not know the actions of people.20

20 Rambam, Laws of Repentance 3:8.

A "scorner" (epicurus in Hebrew) includes one who scorns the Torah or the Sages, or who shirks their teachings or authority. The Sages are those who transmitted the Torah's Oral Tradition since the time of Moses (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 47).

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #381 on: August 09, 2019, 11:32:41 AM »
There are three categories of "deniers of the Torah":

(a) one who says that the Torah's commandments are not from G-d (even if he observes some or all because they seem logical to him), even if he says that these commandments came from Moses himself (from his own intellect, and not as commandments from G-d);

(b) one who says that the Written Torah and its commandments were from G-d, but the Oral Torah and its explanations of the commandments were from Moses himself (and how much more so, anyone who says that the Oral Torah was introduced by persons other than Moses);

(c) one who says that G-d replaced any of the commandments He gave through Moses with another later commandment, or that His original Torah and its commandments were later nullified. (Included are those who say that the "first" Torah which was given to Moses was true and from G-d, but it was later nullified or changed.)

Each of these is a denier of the truth of the Torah (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 47).

Online Hrvatski Noahid

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #382 on: August 11, 2019, 11:54:00 AM »
It seems clear from Rambam that a Gentile scorner, deviant believer or denier of the Torah does not believe in Moses' prophecy with all its details, so it is impossible for him to be truly observing the Noahide Code in accordance with Rambam's text in Laws of Kings 8:11 (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 47).

Online Hrvatski Noahid

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #383 on: August 13, 2019, 06:02:49 AM »
The explanations of every precept that G-d commanded through Moses were also given directly from G-d to Moses,22 and Moses gave these explanations orally to the Elders of Israel of that generation (in addition to teaching the entire Jewish people). This included not only the explanations of each commandment in a general way, but also details and measurements for the fulfillment of every precept, and the specific rules for correct exegesis of the Written Torah.

22 Rambam's Introduction to the Mishneh Torah (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 47-48).

Online Hrvatski Noahid

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #384 on: August 15, 2019, 10:43:43 AM »
It was ordained by G-d that with this tradition, the recognized Sages of Israel23 would clarify any future question about an explanation of a commandment, using these rules of exegesis.

23 These were the members of the Supreme Sanhedrin which existed in the past, through an unbroken chain of ordination back to Moses. (This excludes false sages like the members of the heretical Sadducee Sanhedrin that temporarily existed in the days of King Jannai, c. 100 B.C.E.) Due to persecutions by the Romans, the Supreme Sanhedrin ceased many years before the Babylonian Talmud was completed. It will be renewed in the Messianic Era, when all people will be spiritually uplifted to serve G-d together (Zeph. 3:9) (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 48).

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #385 on: August 17, 2019, 12:55:42 PM »
Therefore, the authentic Jewish Sages are the mainstay of the Oral Torah, and anyone who believes in Moses our teacher and his Torah must rely on them for explanations of the details of the Torah's precepts.

Anyone who denies their accepted rulings, meaning the Oral Torah, is also a denier of the Torah, as the term is explained above.24

24 Rambam, Laws of the Rebellious Ones 1:1-2 and 3:3. Regardless of what argument is advanced, a person is a denier of the Torah (a kofer in Hebrew), if the ultimate result of his approach will be a negation of any of the Torah's precepts or fundamental principles (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 48).

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #386 on: August 18, 2019, 02:29:42 PM »
If a deviant believer, scorner or denier (see above) has been taught about the truth of Torah, but he persists in these habits and false beliefs without repentance, his end will not be to receive a part in the World to Come,25 but instead, as it says, "To the lowest world (the Purgatory) will the wicked return, all the peoples that forget G-d."26

25 Rambam, Laws of Repentance 3:6.

26 Psalms 9:18. Sanhedrin 105a refers this to the wicked ones of the nations (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 48).

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #387 on: August 20, 2019, 06:15:59 AM »
They are those who willfully dismiss the true G-d, like the deviant believers and the scorners, even though they did not serve idols, because they willfully dismiss the fundamental principles of faith (for Gentiles, about the One G-d and His commandments, prophecy, and the Torah). Still, they are not liable to judgment by a court for this transgression, since a court may only punish for actions, but not for thoughts and beliefs.27 G-d alone judges a person for heretical beliefs.

27 Rambam, Laws of the Worship of Stars (and Idols) 2:6, states that anyone who believes in idol worship insults G-d, yet he does not mention any physical punishment assigned for this false belief (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 48).

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Re: The Divine Code Daily Dose
« Reply #388 on: Today at 06:17:15 AM »
Any reference in this work to punishment "by the Hand of Heaven," or to liability for punishment by a court, is only intended to indicate a person's guiltiness and the liability of his soul.

Permission for earthly judgment based on Torah Law applies only for a competent and empowered Torah-based court,28 as provided by the Noahide commandment to establish Torah-based courts of law. Only an authorized Torah-based court has permission to apply any detail of the Noahide Code in placing a judgment of guilt upon a person.

28 We define an "authorized Torah-based court" in Part VIII, on the Noahide commandment for Establishment of Laws and Courts (the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner, Ask Noah International, 2018, p 49).