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Torah and Jewish Idea / Re: Ticket to Heaven Daily Dose
« Last post by Hrvatski Noahid on Today at 02:53:31 PM »
Before progressing to matters of the mind, a fundamental definition must be developed for this phenomenon known broadly as “life”. Intuitively and rationally, it can be surmised that there is something different between a human being and a table, or a human being and a rock, and that human beings share some similarities with dogs, trees, and shrimp. But what is the common element that differentiates “living” beings from “non-living” or “inanimate” objects?

Put generally, life can be defined as a process that moves something towards sophistication and utility over time. Indeed, the processes we describe as evolution take existing life forms, combine them with environmental inputs, and create new life forms that are better suited to respond to those environmental inputs. One way that scientists describe living beings is by calling them self-organizing, which means that within the living being’s own system, matter and energy are organized in particular ways to further the survival and replication of the organism. Additionally, although individual organisms may stop engaging in these processes – what we call “dying” – they can propagate their genetic code to future generations through reproductive mechanisms. This, notably, is something that rocks, stars, and other objects classified as non-living cannot do.

This seemingly trivial detail is not only one of the greatest mysteries of the sciences, given that the rest of the universe seems to tend towards disorder, but the basis of a more coherent view of psychological phenomena. Indeed, it can be said that in a very general and abstract way, the process we call “life” is involved in selectively propagating certain kinds of matter forward through time and the generations.

While this certainly includes genetic material, the traditional concern of evolutionary biologists, evolution has also come to encompass things like language and culture, which are typically viewed as the concern of the social sciences. However, by reconciling these different types of ordered matter under the singular concept of information, generally defined as ordered matter, it is possible to not only develop a coherent view of life but move towards an understanding of the function and form of human consciousness.

From the perspective of traditional biology, each living creature is said to have a genotype, or a specific set of attributes determined by the genetic information it inherits. Following Darwin’s initial publications, the work of Gregor Mendel and other early geneticists revealed that variation and selection mechanisms provided the “rules” by which this information is passed forward through the generations, which was the focus of biologists for decades until the discovery of DNA.

However, as researchers in other spheres of knowledge began to integrate these new concepts into their own paradigms, the concern of evolutionary biology progressively expanded. In addition to the genotype, or the genetic attributes of an organism, it was understood that organisms also had phenotypes, which encompassed environmental impacts, learned behaviors, and other elements of life relevant to survival and replication but largely independent of genetics. (Ticket to Heaven by Zachary R.J. Strong, PDF version, p 102-103)
General Discussion / Biden drops out
« Last post by ItalianZionist on Today at 02:11:45 PM »
He's out. May be bad news for us....In ten minutes he’ll be back campaigning…. Won’t remember he made this announcement!
General Discussion / Re: Boycott Marvel & Disney
« Last post by ChabadKahanist on Today at 12:49:39 AM »
I really wanted to see Inside Out 2 but I didn't go see it because Pixar is still owned by Disney.
I should have been boycotting Disney long ago because of teir wokeness but this is the straw that broke the camel's back for me
General Discussion / Re: Boycott Marvel & Disney
« Last post by Rubystars on July 20, 2024, 06:11:37 PM »
I really wanted to see Inside Out 2 but I didn't go see it because Pixar is still owned by Disney.
General Discussion / Re: No Comment From Chaim
« Last post by Rubystars on July 20, 2024, 06:10:08 PM »
I was very upset when I saw that and it made me feel really shaken up for a few days. I was of course grateful that God didn't allow DJT to be killed. I really believe what Donald says when he says they're not just after him, they're after us, and he's in the way. He took a bullet for the USA. He doesn't have to be running right now. He could be on a nice beach, a fancy hotel, or just hanging out at Mar a Lago with his hot wife. He is running for president out of love of the USA and facing all the bogus legal challenges and even the attempt on his life for us. We need more patriotic candidates like him willing to risk their reputations, freedom, and life for their country.
General Discussion / Israeli strikes launched against Houthi-held Yemeni city
« Last post by Betar on July 20, 2024, 05:50:03 PM »
Israeli strikes launched against Houthi-held Yemeni city - day after Tel Aviv attack

It is believed to be the first Israeli strikes on Yemeni soil since the conflict with Hamas in Gaza began in October.

The attack resulted in fatalities in the western coastal city, according to the Houthis' own TV station Al Masirah, and targeted fuel storage facilities and the province's power station, a senior spokesman for the group said.

Explosions were reportedly heard throughout the city during the bombardment, citizens told the Reuters news agency.

The strikes come a day after the Iran-backed Houthis claimed responsibility for a drone strike near the US embassy in the Israeli city of Tel Aviv, which left one person dead and injured up to 10 others.

The attack on Hodeidah is believed to be the first Israeli strikes on Yemeni soil since the conflict with Hamas in Gaza began in October.

The Israeli military said in a statement on Saturday: "A short while ago, IDF fighter jets struck military targets of the Houthi terrorist regime in the area of the Al Hudaydah [Hodeidah] Port in Yemen in response to the hundreds of attacks carried out against the State of Israel in recent months."

IDF spokesperson Rear Admiral Daniel Hagari later said in a press conference that Israel informed its allies before carrying out the strike, but reiterated that the IDF acted alone.

He said the attacks were a "step up in Israel's actions in self-defence" and the military would continue to "defend the people of Israel from threats near and far".

Meanwhile, Houthi spokesman Nasruddin Amer wrote on social media platform X that "brutal Israeli aggression" was aimed at curbing Yemen from supporting Gaza, which "is a dream that will not come true".

'The significance is clear'

Also issuing a statement on the attack, Israeli defence minister Yoav Gallant said that the "fire currently burning in Hodeidah is seen across the Middle East and the significance is clear".

He added: "The Houthis attacked us over 200 times. The first time that they harmed an Israeli citizen, we struck them. And we will do this in any place where it may be required."

A series of Houthi-launched attacks have also targeted Western shipping using the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden - resulting in reprisals by the US, UK and other allied countries.

The Houthis have claimed they have hit vessels to show their support for Hamas in its conflict with Israel.

Earlier on Saturday, the United Kingdom Maritime Trade Operations (UKMTO) said it had received reports of two attacks on a vessel 64 nautical miles (118.5 km) northwest of Yemen's Mokha, causing slight damage.

The captain of the vessel reported attacks by an aerial drone, which exploded close to the vessel and by a seaborne drone, which also exploded nearby.

A maritime security source told Reuters that the ship, which has been identified as a Liberia-flagged container ship, was attacked by a skiff (small rowing boat) and drones.

Another attack occurred 83 nautical miles southeast of the Yemeni city of Aden late on Friday, when a Singapore-flagged vessel was damaged by a Houthi strike.

The UKMTO said that incident was still under investigation.

Meanwhile, in Gaza, at least 13 people were killed in three Israeli airstrikes that hit refugee camps overnight into Saturday, according to Palestinian health officials, as cease-fire talks in Cairo appeared to make progress. It brings the total number of Palestinians killed in Israel's assault on the Gaza Strip to almost 39,000, according to health authorities in the Hamas-run enclave.

The war started after Hamas stormed Israeli towns on 7 October, killing around 1,200 people and taking more than 250 hostages back to Gaza, according to Israeli tallies.
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